“...formative assessment is pedagogy and clearly cannot be separated from instruction. It is what good teachers do. The distinction lies in what teachers actually do with the information they gather. How is it being used to inform instruction? How is it being shared with and engaging students? It's not teachers just collecting information/data on student learning; it's what they do with the information they collect.” ~Garrison, C., Ehringhaus, M. (n.d.). Effective Classroom Assessment: Linking Assessment with Instruction. Retrieved October 8, 2009, from http://www.nmsa.org/Publications/WebExclusive/Assessment/tabid/1120/Default.aspx

The Intel Education Initiative provides a wealth of resources and examples of formative assessment tools and their uses. http://educate.intel.com/en/AssessingProjects/AssessmentStrategies/

View Tom Barrett’s world-wide collaborative project surrounding uses of some of the digital tools mentioned above: http://tbarrett.edublogs.org/interesting-ways/

The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) provides links to other Formative Assessment resources.

Go to: http://www.ccsso.org/projects/scass/projects/formative_assessment_for_students_and_teachers/11541.cfm


Hicks, T. (2009). The digital writing workshop. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

McTighe, J., & Wiggins, G. (2004). Understanding by design: Professional development workbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Richardson, W. (2006). Blogs, wikis, podcasts: And other powerful web tools for classrooms. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Tomlinson, C.A., & McTighe, J. (2006). Integrating differentiated instruction and understanding by design: Connecting content and kids. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Tuttle, H. G. (2009). Formative assessment: Responding to your students. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.

Wiggins, G., & McTighe, J. (1998). Understanding by design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.